Five Reasons To Teach Robotics to Young Children

What is Robotics?


Essentially, a robot is a mechanical device that can be programmed to follow a set of instructions.

The robot has a processing unit, sensors to perceive its environment, and motors and actuators to move its limbs or wheels. It may speak, make other sounds, or flash with lights and colors in response to the environment as per instructions. Robots need the ability to follow programmed instructions and not just be controlled remotely.


1. Children Find It Fun

There are several competitions for a range of age groups that can channel competitive instincts in a positive way. For example, asking children to build a robot from a Lego set and then running a race to see which robot goes fastest works well.

In my experience, the two most engaging ways of introducing IT in the curriculum are robotics and computer game design.



2. Effective Way Of Introducing Programming To Students

Programming can be too abstract. By having to control a physical robot and seeing what goes wrong, students learn what robots can and can’t do. They also learn the need for precise instructions. Robotics helps address the growing demand for teaching science, technology, engineering and maths in schools. As well as exemplifying technology directly by programming the robot, students also learn about science, engineering and maths and get an understanding of how these subjects link together.


3. Provides Skills Useful In Future Employment

There’s no doubt that there will be a need for people to be involved in programming mechanical devices in the foreseeable future. The drone industry has taken off. According to The Economist, more than 15,000 drones are being sold in the US each month.

By programming robots, students can discover if they have aptitude and interest in a job market of the future.


4. Suitable For Children With A Range Of Abilities

There is considerable evidence that robots are particularly suitable for engaging with children on the autism spectrum. Children on the spectrum respond to the calm, clear, consistent interactions that robots can provide.

ASK NAO is a suite of games that have been developed for the NAO robots to teach autistic children. Milo is a robot developed by US startup Robokind to help autistic children. Repetition, predictability and clear emotions work well.


5. Demystifies A Complex Technology

Many stories in the media concern robots – one of the most recent focused on a report urging the United Nations to ban drones and “killer robots”.

Another report by the Committee for Economic Development of Australia warned that robots could replace 40% of Australian jobs by 2025 - which equates to around 5 million jobs over the next two decades.

Understanding what machines can and can’t do is the best way to address fears.

Experience in trying to build and program robots gives appreciation of their capabilities and strengths.






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